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    ASTM A 420 Carbon Steel & Alloy Steel Pipe Fittings

    1. General introduction

    ASTM A 420/ A 420M covers seamless or welded carbon steel and alloy steel fittings which are for use in pressure piping and pressure vessel service at low temperature. These fittings can be furnished in the construction of elbows, tees, reducers, end caps, plugs, nipples, outlets, union and couplings in accordance with ASME B16.9, ASME B16.11, MSS SP 79, MSS SP 83, MSS SP 95, and MSS SP 97. The ASTM A 420 fittings can be made from forgings, bars, plates, seamless or weld pipes.

    2. Chemical requirements of ASTM A 420 fittings

    A 420
    CHEMICAL COMPOSITION %
    GRADE
    C
    Mn
    P
    S
    Si
    Ni
    Cr
    Mo
    Cu
    Cb
    V
    WPL6
    0.30 
    0.50-1.35
    0.035 
    0.040 
    0.15-0.40
    0.40 
    0.30 
    0.12 
    0.40 
    0.02 
    0.08 
    WPL9
    0.20 
    0.40-1.06
    0.030 
    0.030 
    -
    1.60-2.24
    -
    -
    0.75-1.25
    -
    -
    WPL3
    0.20 
    0.31-0.64
    0.050 
    0.050 
    0.13-0.37
    3.2-3.8
    -
    -
    -
    -
    -
    WPL8
    0.13 
    0.90 
    0.030 
    0.030 
    0.13-0.37
    8.4-9.6
    -
    -
    -
    -
    -
     *There are 4 steel grades covered within ASTM A 420: WPL6, WPL9, WPL3 and WPL8.
     *All the values are maximum unless otherwise specified.

    3. Mechanical properties of ASTM A 420 fittings

    ASTM A 420
    MECHANICAL PROPERTIES
    GRADE
    Tensile Strength 
    MPa
    Yield Strength 
    MPa
    Elongation 
    %
    WPL6
    415-655
    240 
    22 
    WPL9
    435-610
    315 
    20 
    WPL3
    450-620
    240 
    22 
    WPL8
    690-865
    515 
    16 
     *All values provided are minimum unless otherwise specified.
     *Elongation values are provided for longitudinal and standard round specimen.

    4. Impact charpy test

    Impact charpy test is very important and necessary for materials used in low temperature services. All materials furnished under ASTM A 420 standard shall be tested for impact resistance at the temperature for the respective grade.
    CHARPY TEST REQUIREMENTS FOR ASTM A 420 WPL6, WPL3, WPL9
    Size of Specimen
    Charpy V-Notch Impact 
    Value Required for Acceptance 
    (Ave. of 3 specimens)
    Minimum Charpy V-Notch
    Impact Value without Requiring  
    Reset(one specimen)
    mm
    ft*lbf
    J
    ft*lbf
    J
    10 by 10.0
    13.0 
    17.6 
    10.0 
    13.6 
    10 by 7.5
    10.0 
    13.6 
    8.0 
    10.8 
    10 by 5.0
    7.0 
    9.5 
    5.0 
    7.0 
    10 by 2.5
    4.0 
    5.4 
    3.0 
    4.1 

    CHARPY TEST REQUIREMENTS FOR ASTM A 420 WPL8
    Size of Specimen
    Charpy V-Notch Impact 
    Value Required for Acceptance 
    (Ave. of 3 specimens)
    Minimum Charpy V-Notch
    Impact Value without Requiring  
    Reset(one specimen)
    mm
    ft*lbf
    J
    ft*lbf
    J
    10 by 10.0
    25.0 
    33.9 
    20.0 
    27.1 
    10 by 7.5
    21.0 
    28.5 
    17.0 
    23.1 
    10 by 5.0
    17.0 
    23.1 
    14.0 
    19.0 
    10 by 2.5
    8.0 
    10.8 
    6.0 
    8.1 

    5. Heat treatment for ASTM A 420 materials

    All ASTM A 420 fittings shall be furnished in normalized, normalized and tempered, annealed, or quenched and tempered condition. All welding(if any) shall be completed prior to the austenitizing heat treatment. The full thickness of the material from which impact test specimens are to be obtained shall be heat treated in accordance with respective standard.

    Besides, although hydraulic test is not required, all fittings shall be capable of withstanding without failure, leakage, a hydro-static test pressure equal to that prescribed for the specified matching pipe of equivalent material. The fittings shall also pass the dimensional examination and visual inspection.

    Views: 9073  Author:METALS INDUSTRIAL  Date:2015/08/14